Learn religions chapter 4 hinduism world history with free interactive flashcards. Atman, (Sanskrit: “self,” “breath”) one of the most basic concepts in Hinduism, the universal self, identical with the eternal core of the personality that after death either transmigrates to a new life or attains release (moksha) from the bonds of existence. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. Start studying AP world history ch.6. It refers to different social classes in old Hindu texts that divide the society into four castes (varnas). It was first applied as a self-identifying term by a migratory group of people from Central Asia later known as Indo-Iranians (who settled on the Iranian Plateau) and, later, applied to Indo-Aryans (who traveled south to settle northern India). Aryan is a designation originally meaning “civilized”, “noble”, or “free” without reference to any ethnicity. In Hinduism, the Varna System was based on class, colour, guna and yoga. question. Today, with about 900 million followers, Hinduism is … While in the early Vedas it occurred Traditional duties Jainism. Shamanism, religious phenomenon centered on the shaman, a person believed to achieve various powers through trance or ecstatic religious experience. Vaishya is one of the four varnas of the Hindu social order in India. Definition: The Yuezhi conquered Bactria in the 2nd century bce and divided the country into five chiefdoms, one of which was that of the Kushans (Guishuang). The first caste is the Brahmins, which are teachers and priests, people that deal with knowledge and information. Varna System in Ancient India was based on occupation, but with time it turned to a rigid caste system.. ‘Varna’ literally means group in Sanskrit.With the advent of the Aryans, the ancient Indian society got divided into four sections - Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra. Vaishyas are third in distinction of the four Hindu castes, comprising mainly the merchants, agriculturists, landlords or trade professions. The word varna can mean class, order, or type. Structure. The different Varnas (groups or castes) were created from different parts of his body. Another theory states that Caste system originated from Brahma, the Indian deity known as the ‘Creator of the World’. The Varna system describes the caste system in Hinduism. AP World History Chapter 9 Vocabulary 🎓questionHindu Kush Mountains answerDefinition: a mountain range in the north western part of the Indian subcontinent Significance: where the ancient ... the highest of the four varnas. The Brahmans were created from his head; the Kshatriyas from his hands; the Vaishyas from his thighs and the Sudras from his feet. The first 3 Varna is called twice born. answer. The classes, known as varnas, enforced divisions in the populations that still affect this area of the world today. 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