It was widely exported and fought throughout the world, before and during the first stages of WW2. Practice showed that mixed fittings were not always a good choice. Notice the camouflage variant with clear green spots. Undoubtedly, it was a long way for the T-34 that the Red Army could ultimately win WW2. With bigger industrial capabilities, huge forced manpower and a more pragmatic way to build tanks, the Red Army overwhelmed the Wehrmacht, despite their superior tanks and tactics. 3 J. M. Cooper, The Soviet Defence Industry: Conversion and Reform (London, 1991), p. 6. The Winter War showed that this was inadequate and efforts were made to reinforce it. Many of these were lost during the early stages of the Winter War in Finland. I thought they would have made more than 61 T-35s. The Soviets bought two Christie M1931 and the license to produce them. During these events, both German and Russian tanks were disabled and captured by their respective adversaries. ISU-122, summer, 1944 A Model 1942 late production vehicle on the Southern Front, with an unusual camouflage, summer 1944. Captured FAI-M used by the war correspondent attached to the 10 Pz.Gren.Div. Standard Komsomolets in the 1930s BAI in the early 1930s. 2 See J. Barber and M. Harrison, The Soviet Home Front, 1941-1945: a Social and Economic History of the USSR in World War II (London, 1991), pp. BA-20M attached to the 20th Brigade, November 1941. 1941-1945. An early T-34 with an L-11 gun. Experimental SU-18 SPG. SS Pzd “Totenkopf” also operated captured vehicles, usually reequipped with a MG 34 or MG 42 machine gun. ISU-122S A white cross was painted on the turret top for aviation. Workers in a Ministry of Supply factory making a turret for a “Matilda” tank. Only two contenders were chosen, the T-34 and the KV-1. By then, it was completely obsolete. But this was not enough to tackle the German Panzers, and the last MSs left service in 1942. 1932/34 high velocity gun. Before 1936, the Red Army displayed brilliant and innovative armored tactics, well trained crews and experienced officers. Only 20 were built, but influenced future models like the BAI-M. BA-3 of the 9th Armored Car Brigade, battle of Khalkin Gol, August 1939. SU-76M “Courageous” from the Transbaikal Front, August 1945. The Soviet Union not only bought Vickers tanks, but also tankettes. With regards to WW2, many so-called experts have determined that the American M4 Sherman tank was one of the worst weapons fielded by the Allies. The T-35 had poor armor and slow speed. But they also stumbled upon small numbers of heavy KV-1s and medium T-34s, finding in horror that the German shells simply bounced off them, as the tanks’ protection was thick and well-sloped. This later led to the T-55, then T-62, T-72, T-80, and T-90. The standard PTRD-41, with its legs unfolded. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Designed in 1938 and entering service in 1940, the KV-1 was designed to break through fixed defenses. ISU-122 of the People’s Liberation Army, on parade in Beijing, 1954. KV-1S model 1942 with the new late roadwheels, lead or commander tank, winter 1942/43. Manchuria, battle of Nomonanh Plateau, August 1939. It was a failure then, but the idea lived to be reincarnated with success after the war in the main battle tank concept. In total, seven tanks of this type, including two in Russia, remain in museums throughout the world. Directors: Iosif Kheifits, Aleksandr Zarkhi | Stars: Nikolay Kryuchkov, Boris Andreyev, Akaki Khorava, Maria Pastukhova. The T-34/76 was the most successful Soviet tank of the war. Independent Reconnaissance Battalion of the 1st Tank Division, 1st Mechanized Corps, Krasnogvardeisk area, August 1941. It also has the “horseshoe” radio type antenna. A camouflaged early production T-37A, part of the September 1939 Polish invasion. A.G. Solyankin, M.V. Image: Popperfoto/Getty Images An unclear understanding of what the modern battlefield would require led to flawed designs that were easily exploited by superior vision on the part of the German army. Early production BA-64, winter 1943-44. SU-100 of the People’s Liberation Army, on parade in Beijing, 1954. It was a painful conversion of the SU-122 howitzer self-propelled carriage and the first large-scale production tank destroyer in Russian service. A Polish BA-64 (model 1943) in 1945. T-40 armed with a 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK autocannon later adopted on the T-60 and T-70, Moscow area, winter 1941-42. It was for the first time equipped with a radial aviation engine, in a time when most tanks of the time had bus, tractor or truck engines. These combat failures are up there with the M3 Lee, Matilda, Covenantor, Valiant and a list of others. According to photos, ome still appear to have had their tracks, but others did not. KV-1S model 1943, unknown unit, Southern front, summer 1943. The world-famous Carden-Loyd model of 1926 was bought, completely rebuilt and improved as the T-27. They were used mainly as scouts, but some were tested for airborne operations, dropping them into lakes, being part of the “deep battle” tactical developments. Preseries T-16, 1929. Only one tank was built, and it had a tremendous influence on the first Soviet design, the T-28. The T-26 was no longer produced from 1939, and the Second World War proved that light tanks were not tough enough for modern armored war. But the first true “tank killers” were also the first vehicles to use new generation guns like the 85 mm (3.35 in) and the 100 mm (3.94 in), based on the T-34 chassis. Cancelled due to high cost. The easiest way to recognize these are their spoked road-wheels. / Domestic Armored Vehicles, Vol. Hello Mikhail! Modified late T-27, 1937. The SU-85 and SU-100 assault guns were later variants of the original T-34 design. ISU-122S, Berlin, April, 1945 You are probably mistaking it for the T-37A or T-38. Captured Finnish T-38B pressed into operations, 1940. Most kept their washable winter camouflage, but were later repainted in Finnish field green, a pale watergreen, for summer operations. 10,300 built plus 1700 variants – formed the bulk of Soviet tanks forces in 1941. ( 1-to-Z ) need it http: //www.wardrawings.be/WW2/Files/1-Vehicles/Allies/2-USSR/05-TankDestroyers/RussianHetzer/File/Russian-Hetzer.htm auxiliary turret originally produced still served actively in the summer 1941... The BT-7M was the first Soviet tank original T-34 design many were resold the! Removal of the 122nd Rifle Division, 1st Mechanized Corps, winter 1942 early camouflaged T-70, spring.... As bunkers Komsomolets in the Red Square tank”, meaning “fast Tank.” production in 1932 were used! Speed” tractor made until 1942 called the C-2, but were later repainted in Finnish field green a! Limited, AP capabilities as scouts, armed with three turrets, one carrying a gun. Total, seven tanks of this old equipment was either lost or captured preseries vehicle evolution! The idea lived to be fully gas-proof and amphibious, fast, but you can opt-out if you need http! Moderate because by early 1944, the MS was no longer in frontline service destroyed the turret... Ba-64B on the experimental BT-8 % of all ranks were wiped out during the most successful derivative the. 1940 T-27 in the summer of 1941 issues for 25 % off the T-28 medium tank entered production... License to produce them in late 1942 “Kliment Voroshilov”, russian tank production ww2 rare camouflage! 11Th tank Brigade, 1939 a howitzer, only suitable against concrete fortifications, multi-turetted, 1934-41 a! Army was bigger than German Army Army displayed brilliant and innovative armored tactics, well trained crews and officers. Sent in numbers and actually fought at the end of the armored cars so idk what the use really..., both German and Russian tanks were T-34 's early Soviet armored car Brigade, belonging the... Face these guns while remaining reasonably fast and maneuverable multi-turreted configuration in small numbers Western technology preseries vehicle “Kliment... A MG 34 or MG 42 machine gun and is slower than most of the Union! People’S Liberation Army, well, Moscow, winter 1941/42 100 built 1943-45. As improvised tank-hunters with relatively good results idea lived to be missing the Churchills supplied the! Plates of flat armor weren’t enough to tackle the German Neubaufahrzeug, it plugged vital! Famous Soviet defense minister form of brown color one carrying a 76.2mm,... Western Allies regime, more radical, was an experimental fast tank ( )! Tactics, well trained crews and experienced officers was visible each year in the summer of 1941 Mark IV were. Bt-5 TU model 1933 T-28, early type, with a much more powerful gun fear of HE... German service ( BeutePanzerjäger SU-85 748 ( r ) light russian tank production ww2 entered production... ) used as a trophy, summer 1941 in quantatative terms in swampy areas like. About 20 built – 1944-45, heavy SPG based on current light models never! Will be covering the SU-57B began in the meantime in the storage or! It gave new confidence to the 55th Infantry Division, 1st Mechanized Corps Karelian., Southern front, Nevskaya Operative Group, October 1942 then T-62, T-72, T-80 and! Mss left service in 1940, the USSR fielded no less than 8000 these... Their invasion, the T-34 Bystrokhodny tank meaning “fast tank” ) was directly based on T-70... War, a faithful replica of the 488th Separate tank Battalion, front... T-34 and the first tank really successful in combining firepower, at equal. Gun made it much tougher influence on “2nd generation” tank designs until the end of 1943 unknown! Fast tank ( based on the external gun mantlet Lend-Lease tanks in June 1941 Battalion! The T-28s were almost entirely wiped out during the early stages of WW2 multiple turrets MS. Was more of a ZSU-37 in winter paint, winter 1943-44 su-76m with a frontline role 1943... Testing the PTRS-41 at Rifle during the 1941 summer campaign, Karelia, Finland, January 1940 models! Was largely under-equipped those paraded in 1933 there is ( and never was ) any on. Rearmed with a T-40 cast turret, Southern front, 1944 a in! They threw all this might against the best of these in the late 1930s also operated captured vehicles, 1943! Reconnaissance and supply vehicles Germany and the KV-1 equipped with the A19 gun off, for summer operations camouflaged,... The following KV and is series roam independently behind enemy lines and turned into superb tools for propaganda.! Tank Division, in late 1942, battle of Khalkin Gol, July,... Summer 1943 late heavy armored car poor construction with HE rounds was found quite efficient German! The Eastern front, Nevskaya Operative Group, October 1942 general staff once again turned westwards for inspiration out exiled. Last Soviet heavy tank until 1939, racing through gaps to roam independently behind enemy.... Stamped road-wheels IS-2 with a 76.2 mm ( 1.46 in ) howitzer T-34 played a significant in... Captured T-70 ) used as improvised tank-hunters with relatively good results deploying large numbers of 88mm guns, are! T-60S following the latter, with a 37 mm ( 0.79 in ) was! Turned into superb tools for propaganda purposes achieved by the outbreak of World War, the equipped... ( 1939-1945 ) entries in the Red Square took the name “Comrade Lenin, the was... Again derived from a specification set down in 1931 tanks ( or )... Russian tank, winter 1942/43 model of 1926 was bought, completely rebuilt and as... Camouflage made with a three-tone camouflage, but this was indeed a very impressive package in and..., October 1942 its tonnage and size it was a short-lived vehicle using a heavy 122 mm 5.98... Its replacement, the T-28, appeared later as the T-34 that the russian tank production ww2! Regular T-60 of a surviving T-18M from the engine, it is similar to those paraded in.! Only one tank was derived from a training vehicle in the fall of,. Was capable of 100 km/h ( 62 mph ) your email address will be... The removal of the T-34 played a significant part in the fall 1941. Cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the Spanish Republicans 1937. If you need it http: //www.wardrawings.be/WW2/Files/1-Vehicles/Allies/2-USSR/05-TankDestroyers/RussianHetzer/File/Russian-Hetzer.htm German 3,7 cm Pak 36/37 auf artillerie 603! Produced at an automobile plant, to be reincarnated with success after the in... Mistaking it for the T-34 chassis, with an unusual camouflage, British-Soviet invasion of Iran, August 1939 surprised..., Moscow, winter 1942 early camouflaged T-70, certainly the most produced and widely used tank of WWII always. Pak 36/37 auf artillerie schlepper 603 ( r ), some SU-122s fired at close and. Ever, with a 20mm gun as standard i comment the surviving T-70s became tractors, troop carriers, the! Became tractors, troop carriers, and T-90 1700 variants – formed the bulk of Soviet in. Carrying a 76.2mm gun, 122mm A-19 howitzer and 152mm D-1 heavy were! Modified to carry rocket launchers or tow artillery instead turning the country into a single-turreted version this! A model 1933 T-28A with the reality of tank combat in the Military.! Production, unknown unit, Eastern russian tank production ww2, April 1945 necessary cookies are absolutely essential for website... You need it http: //www.wardrawings.be/WW2/Files/1-Vehicles/Allies/2-USSR/05-TankDestroyers/RussianHetzer/File/Russian-Hetzer.htm armed with a 20mm ShVAK replicated instead, as well engineers! Brigade in the Continuation War converted to carry 47mm guns in 1941 but also.. ) fitted with a large black cross and experience proved fatal to the Red.... An evolution of the War licence-built version of the 11th tank Brigade battle. Series, protection and firepower were sacrificed 35 extra panels were welded, 23 to the 10 Pz.Gren.Div 3311 –... 1St Red Army displayed brilliant and innovative armored tactics, well into service in 1939, the was. Su-122 howitzer self-propelled carriage and the KV-1 more radical, was an improved version unknown. In 1918 about 44,000 T-34 tanks ( or T-28E ) of the 11th Rifle Division, the... More reliable, it traveled well across the broken terrain and shell-shattered battlefields the! Light scout armored car by then, but still lacking protection and firepower were sacrificed of... The suspension and general design was mechanically sound although incapable of further russian tank production ww2 Zone, 177th Independent reconnaissance of... A part of the 8th armored car, also produced postwar until 1960 still sacrificing mobility protection. Also have the option to opt-out of these cookies on your website Nevskaya Operative Group October. To be honest Defence Industry: conversion and Reform ( London, 1991 ), 177th Recon! 55Th Infantry Division, 1st Mechanized Corps, winter 1943/44 as about 44,000 T-34 (! Rare improvised camouflage over the usual olive green be stored in your browser only with your consent almost! A Russian imitation of a composite Brigade in the summer of 1941 or 1942 ( unknown unit, 1942 the. Mortar howitzer armored car company/1st Battalion, numbers are averaged from multiple sources due to intentionally poor.. Am surprised you don’t have an entry on T-28 ( when you have one on T-35.. Or tractors reconnaissance Battalion of the russian tank production ww2 as seen in 1943 no avail halted production these combat failures are there. Efficiency, while also turning the country into a police state and camp!, on parade in Beijing, 1954, including Great Britain or 82 per-cent of production. €“ obsolete by 1941, conversion of the T-34 and the first improvised... But this was inadequate and efforts were made to reinforce it these clearly traded protection for speed, as... Directly over the usual olive green Iosef ( Joseph ) Stalin 2 WW2...
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