The flexible knife blade should bend slightly as you draw the knife. Lay strips of fiberglass tape over the patched area to reinforce it (Image 5), extending the tape a few inches beyond the patch. When the first application is fully dry, apply more joint compound to the knife and apply a thin second coat over the hole. These patches consist of a stiff metal backer covered with an adhesive mesh. Outer drywall corners are reinforced with metal or plastic edging, called corner bead. Apply a coat of joint compound to the corner, set the bead in place then apply another layer of joint compound over it. Spackling paste is a putty type patching compound. Corner bead is usually attached with drywall nails, so use a pry bar or claw hammer to remove the fasteners. When a crack appears, it is usually on a seam where two drywall sheets meet, and it is easily fixed. If the tape is intact and well-adhered, the crack was probably caused by the old drywall compound drying and shrinking. Try to blend this coat as seamlessly as possible onto the wall surface. If an area is badly damaged, cut it back until you reach solid drywall. How to Repair Cracks and Holes in Drywall, Repair Cracked Plaster with Drywall or Washers, 6 Ways to Humidify Your House (Without a Humidifier), How to Make a Two-Layer 3D Upholstered Headboard, How to Build a Space-Themed Kid's Headboard With Built-In Nightlights, How to Build a Headboard From an Old Picket Fence, How to Make a Headboard Out of Old T-Shirts, How To Make an Upcycled Headboard From a Wood Pallet, How to Make a Headboard From Upcycled Leather Belts, How to Make a Nautical-Inspired Headboard With a Sail, How to Build a Pollinator House for Your Garden, Welcome Fall With These 3 Easy Faux Leaf DIYs, How to Build a Hoop House to Protect Your Vegetables, How to Make a Scarecrow to Frighten Unwanted Critters From Your Garden, DIY Doghouse: How to Build a Simple A-Frame, How to Repair and Refinish Laminate Countertops. Peel the paper off. Get simple instructions on how to install a door knob the right way. Measure the hole then cut a scrap piece of drywall that is slightly larger than the hole’s diameter. This leaves a slight divot that must be filled before the wall can be painted. Do not overlap the tape. On very small screw holes, an ordinary putty knife may substitute for a drywall knife for applying joint compound. Straightening the edges of the hole with a utility knife or drywall saw makes it easier to patch. For this kind of small repair, a small container of premixed joint compound is much more convenient than mixing a batch of powdered joint compound. Tip: Touch the surface of the repair to make sure it’s dry. The strategy was simple: plug the hole with the steel wool, then tape it in there good. One easy way to do this is to cover the hole with self-adhesive fiberglass joint tape before finishing with joint compound. You can create your own patch to repair larger holes in drywall. Other holes occur when wall anchors or screws are used to anchor cabinets, shelves, or pictures to walls; when these screws are removed, you are left with holes that penetrate through the drywall panels. For holes no large than 6", a variety of drywall patch kits are available. Get easy instructions on how to remove a door knob the right way. Rodent hole patch kit: steel wool and tape. Slight extrusions in the face paper can sometimes be forced inward by pressing them with the handle of a screwdriver or drywall taping knife. Brushing your hand over the area will tell you if there are any outward puckers remaining. Be sure to use drywall that matches the original wall thickness. You can't simply smear joint compound over these areas—the hole needs to be concave in order to be smoothly covered. Use a drywall or reciprocating saw to cut out the area within the traced lines (Image 3). Let dry completely then add another layer or two of compound depending on what is needed (Image 4). In situations like this, the crushed drywall must be removed before you fill the hole. Make sure not to sand so aggressively that you damage the face paper. If the damage is limited to the drywall compound, simply remove all loose material and apply new compound. Secure the 2x4s to the drywall with drywall screws (Image 4). When applying the compound, hold the knife at a 70-degree angle and swipe across the crack. When the second coat is thoroughly dry, sand lightly to smooth out any bumps. Apply spackling or drywall joint compound using the putty knife to fill the hole and area surrounding it. The first coat will shrink a bit, leaving a slightly smaller dent to be filled by the second coat. Repairing large holes. Big holes in drywall (aka anything larger than 6 inches across) are a little bit harder to fix than your usual little holes. Drywall is tough, but it’s not indestructible. Ideally, your knife should have a small amount of compound along one flat side of the blade at the front edge. Square up the hole using a utility knife or a drywall cutting saw. After the compound dries, add a second thin coat of compound over the taped area. Cut the cleats a few inches longer than the opening. Spackling is a patching compound designed to fill small holes in drywall. If you do not have spackle or toothpaste handy, you can fill nail holes in drywall with a baking soda and liquid glue concoction. Self-adhesive joint tape or patches can be used to fix cracked holes and dents, while larger holes require replacing the damaged area with a new piece of drywall. Check to make sure the hole is filled flat with joint compound. Cut a board a few inches longer than the widest area of the hole, and slip it inside the wall. However, one of the drawbacks of drywall construction for walls and ceilings in residential homes is that it can be damaged fairly easily, with cracks, dents, and holes appearing with only moderate impact. The kits typically have a reinforced center panel surrounded by self-sticking tape. We used lightweight spackling compound to fill the damaged area. During installation, the drywall screws should ideally sink just below the surface of the paper, without tearing it. Remove as much drywall as needed until you reach studs beyond both sides of the damaged area. Place drywall piece over the damaged area (Image 1) and trace around it with a pencil (Image 2). Drywall repair for small holes isn’t difficult, but it does require time. Get our best how-tos and DIY advice delivered straight to your inbox. Lightly sand the area around the hole to … Simply adhere the patch to the wall and cover with drywall compound. Scrape away loose debris from the hole. With a utility knife, cut through just the paper along this line. I read that rodents cannot chew through steel wool and if the taping job is heavy duty enough it will make it difficult for them to push it out of place. Hanging drywall may sound complicated, but that doesn't have to be the case. Then use a utility knife to cut vertically around the corner bead (Image 2). Wipe away the dust then paint over it. Dip the end of a drywall knife into the joint compound … Let the joint compound dry completely; with small holes, this usually takes less than one hour. Change the look of a room by installing a new ceiling. All rights reserved. Fill the crack with new drywall compound and apply a thin coat of compound to the wall surface where the old tape was removed. Remove the tape but be careful not to tear away the drywall’s paper covering. Two coats of drywall compound, applied with two swipes of the knife in a “+” pattern, should fill the holes. Cover the hole or dent with fast-drying spackle to bring the spackle level with the drywall surface and let it dry 24 hours -- or the time recommended by the manufacturer’s instructions. Avoid overloading the knife, as this just leads to a mess. It is not necessary to reinforce the horizontal edges of the replacement drywall. Open up the tub of wall spackle and dip the end of your putty knife into it. A well-placed piece of art may be the quickest way to disguise a hole in drywall, but for a professional fix, follow our tips for a smooth, finished surface. Sand lightly to blend with the surrounding wall. This is usually caused by warped wood that was inadequately dry when installed. You can fill holes or cracks in drywall, plaster, or wood! Use metal snips to cut a section of new corner bead to fit the repair area (Image 3). Expect to apply two or three coats to cover a hole this large. Cover the tape and taper or “feather” the edges of the new compound onto the surrounding wall surface (Image 5). There are many ways in which drywall can be damaged — surface cracks, deep cracks, nail pops, dents on corners, small and large holes — find the fix that works best for your situation. If a hole is larger than 13 inches it is best to cut the surrounding drywall back to the nearest available stud, and install a piece of drywall to fit. Measure, cut and install new drywall to fit the repair area (Image 2). Simply fill the crack with new compound. How to Repair a Hole in Sheetrock or Drywall: This Instructable shows how to repair a hole in sheetrock. Once the above has been done, drill another hole into the center, insert an anchor that can distribute the load behind the drywall, and reinsert the screw. If the crack extends through the seam’s paper tape or if the tape has pulled loose from the wall, use a razor knife to cut the tape about 6" to 12" from both ends of the damage (Images 1 and 2). Use the edge of your knife to scrape off the excess mud. Make a seamless patch to repair damaged drywall. Holes that are larger than a few inches require a drywall patch, joint compound and a brace; a 1-by-2 or 1-by-4 board is usually sufficient. Then there are two ways to fix nail pops: use a screwdriver or hammer to drive the nail back into the studs (Image 1), then bracket each nail head with closely spaced drywall screws (Image 2). Ultimate-How-To_Drywall … Patching Large Holes. Cans of, On very small holes, you can use a similar product often called. Buy a peel-and-stick drywall patch kit. Fill the hole with spackle or joint compound, using a 1" putty knife. Use a putty knife to gently flatten wrinkles and to bed the tape into the compound. If any of the face paper on drywall puckers outward, this needs to be trimmed before you cover the holes with joint compound. Home interiors are typically covered with 1/2" thick drywall, but certain areas, such as between a house and attached garage, require thicker, fire-rated drywall. Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds. Use a 6-inch drywall taping knife Unlike plaster, drywall has a seamless paper covering that rarely cracks or splits. Fortunately, drywall is … It is used to fill small holes, cracks in wood or drywall. Small, clean holes in drywall can be quickly repaired with spackling compound or wood filler. Step 3: Let dry. Once the second coat is fully dry, run your hand over the patched area. Over time, gypsum-board walls can sustain ugly cracks or holes. If it feels rough, then use fine sandpaper to lightly sand the area and bring it flush with the surrounding drywall. Use the drywall knife to firmly press paper tape into the compound; this will hide … Join the party! Use scrap wood such as 1x2 furring for smaller repairs. Repair a Nail Pop in Drywall 01:23. Follow these step-by-step instructions and your installation will go smoothly. Once the damaged area is removed, the opening will probably be too large to repair with mesh tape and compound alone. It's not necessary to get the back and sides of the knife completely clean—just remove any hanging mud that might drop off or smear. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. Scrape the excess off the surrounding wall so you don't build up a hump. Next, take a putty knife and scrape it across the surface to remove by any excess paste. Lee has over two decades of hands-on experience remodeling, fixing, and improving homes, and has been providing home improvement advice for over 12 years. Have blemishes on your wood trim? If the crack is on a vertical or horizontal seam, carefully widen the crack with the corner of a paint scraper, utility knife or chisel to determine if the crack extends completely through the paper that is covering the seam (Image 1); and if the tape has pulled loose from the wall surface. For instance, if holes are difficult to reach because the location is high on a wall or furniture needs moving, some contractors may increase the labor cost. Allow the joint compound to dry completely then lightly sand the area (Image 2). Either type of hole can be easily filled with ordinary drywall joint compound. Usually, the damage is confined to a short section that can be cut away and replaced. Prepare for paint with one last sanding. Simply mix the two together to create a thick paste and then fill the hole with the mixture. Use a utility knife to scrape away the drywall until the screw is exposed. Place a taping knife or thin plywood behind the tool to prevent additional damage to the wall — be especially careful not to lever against unsupported drywall or the tool will punch a hole that will require a more extensive repair. Trim the rough edges of drywall around the patch. Discard the drywall and remove all exposed drywall nails or screws. Position the cleats flush with the face of the existing studs and install them with drywall screws or nails. Grab a small glob of spackle that is just larger than the hole you want to fill. Immediately make a second stroke across the hole with the drywall knife, this one perpendicular (at 90 degrees) to your first stroke. Use these step-by-step instructions to repair cracked plaster with drywall or washers. © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. 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