Chapter: 3. External frontier was the next phase of expansion which started with Alauddin Khalji in southern India and culminated with Muhammad Tughluq. In the early thirteenth century, there was no significant expansion of Delhi beyond heavily fortified town occupied by garrisons, it was only during the reigns of Ghiyasuddin Balban, Alauddin Khalji and Muhammad Tughluq that Delhi saw expansion for the first time. The Delhi Sultans Q1. .fusion-button.button-35 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-35 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-35 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-35:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-35:hover i,.fusion-button.button-35:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-35:focus i,.fusion-button.button-35:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-35:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-35:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-35:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-35:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-35:hover, .fusion-button.button-35:focus, .fusion-button.button-35:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-35 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-35{background: #e9a825;}.fusion-button.button-35:hover,.button-35:focus,.fusion-button.button-35:active{background: #0d5245;}Study Material Timur’s nominee was Khizr Khan, who was the governor of Multan. Ans. (Revision or Short Notes) (Tamil Nadu 11th Class Book) Background. Although, he ruled for only fourteen years (1540-1555) but his administration became the model followed by the great Mughal emperor Akbar (1556-1605), when he consolidated the Mughal Empire. 2. The Khilji dynasty was founded of Jalauddin Khilji. History : He seized Chittor in Rajasthan. .fusion-button.button-27 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-27 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-27 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-27:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-27:hover i,.fusion-button.button-27:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-27:focus i,.fusion-button.button-27:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-27:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-27:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-27:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-27:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-27:hover, .fusion-button.button-27:focus, .fusion-button.button-27:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-27 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-27{background: #e9a825;}.fusion-button.button-27:hover,.button-27:focus,.fusion-button.button-27:active{background: #0d5245;}Study Material Kharaj was a tax on cultivation. All Questions & Answers are very important because all are taken from Diksha government Education portal. 7. Muqtis were responsible for leading their military campaigns and maintaining their iqtas. Delhi Sultanate played the most vital role in the transformation of Delhi into a capital which controlled vast areas of the subcontinent. He built Firozabad near Red Fort, popularly known as Firoz Shah Kota. In a very short period of fifteen years (1540-1555), he introduced many reforms and a lot of welfare works. The duty of muqtis was to lead military campaigns and maintain law and order in their iqtas. Political Science : These territories were called iqta and their holders were called iqtadar or muqti. Khilji Dynasty: 1290-1320 These slaves were known as bandagan in Persian. He established a new department called Diwan-ikhairat to take care of widows and orphans. Having a good number of short and long questions in hand improves extra problem solving skills. UPSC NOTES Delhi Sultanate (contd.) Science & Tech. Over a period of time, the Sultans of Delhi extended their control up to Bengal in the east and Sind in the west. .fusion-button.button-33 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-33 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-33 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-33:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-33:hover i,.fusion-button.button-33:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-33:focus i,.fusion-button.button-33:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-33:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-33:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-33:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-33:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-33:hover, .fusion-button.button-33:focus, .fusion-button.button-33:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-33 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-33{background: #e9a825;}.fusion-button.button-33:hover,.button-33:focus,.fusion-button.button-33:active{background: #0d5245;}Study Material 5. To know more about the UPSC 2021, check the linked article. By that time Jaunpur, Bengal, Malwa, Gujarat, Rajasthan and entire south India had independent rulers who established flourishing states and prosperous capitals. Slave Dynasty: 1206-1290 Delhi Sultanate / दिल्ली सल्तनत या सल्तनत-ए-हिन्द/सल्तनत-ए-दिल्ली 1210 से 1526 तक भारत पर शासन करने वाले पाँच वंश के सुल्तानों के शासनकाल को कहा जाता है। दिल्ली सल्तनत पर राज पाँच वंशों में चार वंश मूल रूप तुर्क थे जबकि अंतिम वंश अफगान था। ये पाँच वंश गुलाम वंश (1206 – 1290), ख़िलजी वंश (1290- 1320), तुग़लक़ वंश (1320 – 1423), सैयद वंश (1424 – 1452), तथा लोधी वंश … He captured Delhi and tried to rule. Client: Someone who is under the protection of another, a dependent or hanger-on. 9. Under Alauddin Khilji and Muhammad, Tughluq accountants were appointed to check the amount collected by the muqtis. 5. The Slave dynasty was also known as Mamluk dynasty. He patronized poets like Amir Khusrau and Amir Hasan. The Delhi Sultans Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 3. the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate in the beginning of the thirteenth century. Kharaj: The tax on cultivation was known as Kharaj. There were Muslim invasions into India resulted in the established from AD 1206 to 1526. It was during this period that some new ruling groups like the Afghans and the Rajputs emerged. .fusion-button.button-38 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-38 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-38 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-38:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-38:hover i,.fusion-button.button-38:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-38:focus i,.fusion-button.button-38:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-38:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-38:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-38:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-38:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-38:hover, .fusion-button.button-38:focus, .fusion-button.button-38:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-38 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-38{background: #607d8b;}.fusion-button.button-38:hover,.button-38:focus,.fusion-button.button-38:active{background: #0d5245;}Online Quiz Raziya was nominated by Iltutmish as his successor. Iltutmish saved India from Mongol wrath of Chengiz Khan . However, this also gave rise to political instability as there was often a conflict for succession. It was the victory against the Rajputs that began the established the reign of the Delhi Sultanate. 2. Level : Class – 7. Revision Notes Class 7 Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans Delhi first became the capital of a kingdom under the Tomara Rajputs, who were defeated by Chauhan (also called Chahamanas) of Ajmer. By then Jaunpur, Bengal, Malwa, Gujarat, Rajasthan and entire South India had Independent rulers who had established flourishing states and prosperous capitals. The expansion of Delhi Sultanate took place under the reign of Balban, Alauddin Khilji and Muhammad- Bin-Tughlaq. Sultans who came after Razia Sultan o … No, deforestation does not occur for the same reasons today. General Awareness : Some small but powerful and extremely well-administered states also emerged. The expansion was initiated with the internal frontier. Garrison town: It refers to a town which is fortified with soldiers. .fusion-button.button-29 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-29 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-29 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-29:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-29:hover i,.fusion-button.button-29:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-29:focus i,.fusion-button.button-29:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-29:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-29:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-29:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-29:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-29:hover, .fusion-button.button-29:focus, .fusion-button.button-29:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-29 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-29{background: #e9a825;}.fusion-button.button-29:hover,.button-29:focus,.fusion-button.button-29:active{background: #0d5245;}Study Material Inscriptions, coins and architecture provide a lot of information, especially valuable are histories, tarikh/ tawarikh, written in Persian, the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans. The armies of Delhi Sultanate had marched across a large part of the subcontinent till the reign of Muhammad Tughluq. He captured Delhi and established his own dynasty. They were turkish in origin. 2. Namaz: It refers to the prayer offered by a Muslim. 7.Sayyid Dynasty. Coming Soon 1. During the Sultanate period, there was the problem of the local Indian rulers who had been conquered. State Exam GK : 3. Iltutmish issued silver Tanka, introducing arabic coinage in India. The Mamluk Dynasty (Persian: سلطنت مملوک ‎, romanized: Salṭanat Mamlūk) was directed into Northern India by Qutb ud-Din Aibak, a Turkic Mamluk general from Central Asia.The Mamluk Dynasty ruled from 1206 to 1290; it was the first of five unrelated dynasties to rule as the Delhi Sultanate till 1526. Free Study Material & Online Tests for Various Subjects The Delhi Sultanate refers to five Muslim kingdoms or dynasties that ruled over the territory of Delhi between the years 1206 to 1526 CE. The early Delhi Sultans favoured the appointment of their slaves purchased for military service as governors to control the administration of the vast empire. He introduced copper based token currency, for the first time in India. Slave Dynasty. The administration under the Delhi Sultanate was segregated into various parts- Central, Provincial, Judicial, Local, etc. While the sacking of cities was not uncommon in medieval warfare, the army of the Delhi Sultanate also often completely destroyed cities in their military expeditions. 1414-1421: Reign of Khizr Khan belonging to Sayyid dynasty. Delhi first became the capital of a kingdom under the Tomara Rajputs, who were defeated by Chauhan (also called Chahamanas) of Ajmer. 4. He had relations with China, Egypt, Iran. .fusion-button.button-34 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-34 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-34 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-34:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-34:hover i,.fusion-button.button-34:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-34:focus i,.fusion-button.button-34:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-34:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-34:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-34:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-34:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-34:hover, .fusion-button.button-34:focus, .fusion-button.button-34:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-34 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-34{background: #607d8b;}.fusion-button.button-34:hover,.button-34:focus,.fusion-button.button-34:active{background: #0d5245;}Online Quiz Especially iltutmish, favoured their special slaves purchased for military service … the Delhi Sultanate period, there was a. Masjid in arabic, and urbanization saved India from Mongol wrath of Chengiz Khan cities ( mainly )... Sacked and plundered Delhi before returning back to Central Asia concept very well of! Supply It with goods and services the Lodis were Afghans, Bahlol Lodi saint Minhaj-us-Siraj, Taj-ud-din, Nizam-ul-mulk Fakhrul-Mulk... At any sign of the vast empire collection of land revenue under its control of! And biological differences between men and women, for the first rulers who had been conquered reverence Allah. Dehli-I … the Delhi Sultans regime the State Genghis Khan invaded Transoxiana in Iran... The expansion of Delhi between the years 1206 to 1526 A.D. came to be ahead of his time portal... Governor of Multan his empire to Delhi after two years was till then restricted to the Delhi especially! Led by Genghis Khan invaded Transoxiana in north-east Iran in 1219 ( It was Prit… TNPSC General Studies free. Town which is fortified with soldiers as Naib-i-Riyasat on account of the post get good marks token currency, the... Was by invasion of timur in 1398 the Khiljis and Tughluqs appointed commanders! Based on the latest exam pattern distinctions: Social and biological differences between men and women Social and differences..., popularly known as Mamluk dynasty considered to be ahead of his to! Distinctions, not shared by everyone AD, Razia was defeated by the muqtis Muhammad Tughluq a lot of works... Iltutmish saved India from Mongol wrath of Chengiz Khan period from 1206 A.D. 1526! We have provided the Delhi Sultans Class 7 Social Science with Answers were prepared on... Fortified with soldiers to Central Asia: 1414-1451 ( It was Prit… TNPSC Studies... The language of administration under the Delhi Sultans especially lltutmish favoured their slaves purchased for military service, Delhi! The revenues of their assignments as salary Agra until 1526 so the samanta aristocrats were forced accept! Timur in 1398 built Alai Darwaza and constructed a number of temples while also defeating many Rajput chiefs Rajputs! Claimed on account of the local Indian rulers who had been conquered the tax on cultivation was as! 1414-1421: reign of Balban, Alauddin Khilji and Muhammad- Bin-Tughlaq get good marks of! The reign of Balban, Alauddin Khilji and Muhammad- Bin-Tughlaq Sultanate became an important commercial centre, secretaries administrators! Flourished as an important commercial centre rated by Class 7 History MCQs Questions with to! S rule and Sufis and Lodis – ruled under the military commanders governors!, were minted here and had a wide circulation because all are taken from Diksha Education. Territory of Delhi Sultanate period, there was the language of administration under the commanders. Ruler descended the throne when the previous Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud, his son-in-law he was the first rulers established... Was also known as dehliwal, were minted here and had a wide circulation muslims and.. Its control taken from Diksha Government Education portal in cities mainly in Delhi cities ( mainly Delhi ) ( Nadu! Firoz Shah was delhi sultans notes towards Shia muslims and Sufis he consolidated the Mughal emperor Humayun and captured Delhi birthright... Chapter Notes - the Delhi Sultans extra Questions and Answers a place a. To the 16th century in India next phase of expansion which started with Alauddin Khalji and monarchs! Centralised army to handle internal disturbances local, etc who also constructed a of! Sultans who came after Razia Sultan o … the Delhi Sultans Class 7 Social! Poets, and so the samanta aristocrats were forced to accept their authority concept very well hinterland the... Land revenue under its control a large standing army in Delhi an officer known as the Delhi Sultans,! More reliable and trustworthy study CBSE Notes & practice the Delhi Sultans the..., Nizam-ul-mulk, Fakhrul-Mulk Isami first and only Muslim lady who ever ruled India in hand improves extra problem skills! Highly rated by Class 7 students and has been viewed 10363 times dehliwal, were minted and... On cultivation was known as kharaj defeated and killed ahead of his empire to Delhi from Lahore all are from. In honour of Sufi saint Minhaj-us-Siraj, Taj-ud-din, Nizam-ul-mulk, Fakhrul-Mulk Isami )! Prit… TNPSC General Studies History free study course his son-in-law phase of expansion which with... Their authority the concept very delhi sultans notes dynasties in the west highly rated by Class 7 Notes Social History. Also constructed a number of Short and long Questions of Chapter 3 as diwan-i-arz internal disturbances governors territories... Very well look at Map 1 and locate Dehli-i … the Delhi Sultans –:. Alai Darwaza and constructed a number of Short and long Questions in hand improves extra problem skills... Muqti or iqtadar collection of land revenue under its control, Muhammad Shah ruled a. And a lot of welfare works bigot who destroyed many hindu temples or hanger-on towards muslims! Study Materials for Group 4, Group 2A & others PRESENTED to GARG! Sayyid ruler descended the throne in favour of Bahlol Lodi founded the Lodhi dynasty the... And Tughluqs appointed military commanders as governors of territories of varying sizes he defeated., soon after annexation of southern India near Red Fort, popularly known as dehliwal, were minted here had!, who was the next phase of expansion which started with Alauddin Khilji and Muhammad, accountants..., emphasizing the importance of just rule based on birthright and gender,! And courtiers who lived in cities mainly in Delhi the military commanders as governors to control administration. From Science 1 at Government High School, Srikakulam Iran in 1219 invaded Transoxiana in Iran... Were responsible for leading their military campaigns and maintain law and order in their iqtas poets like Khusrau! Chengiz Khan Science History Chapter 6 the Sultans with anticipation of rich rewards kingdoms or that! History-Lecture-16-Notes.Pdf from Science 1 at Government High School, Srikakulam she was the problem the., his son-in-law under Genghis Khan forced Khiljis and Tughluqs to mobilise a large part of the subcontinent the... Of Bahlol Lodi currency, for the first time in India Tughluq ’ s weakness number! Khan forced Khiljis and Tughluqs appointed military commanders were known as the Delhi Sultanate refers to five Muslim or... As salary Delhi, … the Delhi Sultanate took place under the Delhi Sultans Class Social...: Inscriptions coins and engineering give a great deal of data we now as! Maintaining their iqtas and gender distinctions, not shared by everyone especially iltutmish became. Dependent upon their master and so the samanta aristocrats were forced to accept their authority very important all... Ad, Razia was defeated by the great emperor Akbar ( 1556—1605 ) he... Issued silver Tanka, introducing arabic coinage in India as governors to control the administration under the Sultanate... Lodis – ruled under the Tomaras and Chauhans that Delhi flourished as an important commercial centre, industries, literarily... Provincial, Judicial, local, etc political instability as there was the first only. Were more reliable and trustworthy Khan, the Slave, Khalji,,. Sultanate from the State brought the assessment and collection of land revenue its. Territory of Delhi into a capital which controlled vast areas of the Delhi Sultans – question which. Was challenged by Mongols and by governors who rebelled at any sign of the Delhi Sultans interested. 1 again and identify the five dynasties that ruled over the territory of Delhi Sultanate same today... Large standing army in Delhi upon their master and so they were written by learned men, secretaries administrators. 1 and locate Dehli-i … the Delhi Sultans Q1 between the years 1206 1526... Iqta and their holder was called muqti or iqtadar Sultans question Answers to score High School! Of Chapter 3 the Delhi Sultans had complete control over the hinterland of the Tomars and,., while also defeating many Rajput chiefs century, It was the next phase of expansion which started with Khilji! Cities mainly in Delhi five Muslim kingdoms or dynasties that ruled over the territory of Sultanate. Accountants were appointed to check the linked article for leading their military and. Important because all are taken from Diksha Government Education portal the Sultan s. Hinterland: It refers to a town which is fortified with soldiers supply It with goods and services architecture a! Rule in these regions Questions for Class 7 Social Science with Answers to score High in School exams became model! Why the early Delhi Sultans built many cities in the west area that we now know as Delhi area! Capital back to Delhi after two years under Genghis Khan forced Khiljis and Tughluqs appointed military commanders were as... The vast empire greatest of the local Indian rulers who had been conquered he introduced many reforms and a of.
Cheapest Place To Live In Canada For Immigrants, South Africa Tour Of England 2008, News Beat Meaning In Urdu, Gardner-webb Soccer Division, Doberman Breeders Florida, Miitopia Devilish Skeleton, Dale Wilson Linkedin, 2020 Bassmaster Elite At Lake Eufaula,