It was eaten with a durian loving chum who declared it an excellent durian.There was more aroma than the previous fruit and a richer taste as it was riper. Privacy Policy Entre las 30 especies de durio conocidas, 9 han sido identificadas como comestibles: D. zibethinus, D. dulcis, D. grandiflorus, D. graveolens, D. kutejensis, D. macrantha, D. oxleyanus y D. testudinarum.7? Seminar Nasional yang diselenggarakan pada tanggal 5 Juli 2012 diBalai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran, Lembang dengan tema : “PenerapanInovasi Teknologi dalam Mendukung Pembangunan Hortikulturayang … The commercially-planted durian fruit has thick layer of yellow flesh. But there’s another side to Durio graveolens. Zona di origine Zona dove viene coltivato ma non è originario Il durian proviene dal Brunei , Indonesia e Malesia , [B 8] ed è coltivato in aree che hanno clima simile; essendo una pianta tropicale , termina il suo sviluppo se la temperatura diurna scende sotto i 22 °C. It has a mild odor, and a thick cheesy flesh with barely any flavor. Durio oxleyanus 9. Durio zibethinus - Malvaceae - Durio graveolens - Bombacaceae - Durio dulcis - Durioneae - Durio testudinarius - Bizarre Foods with Andrew Zimmern - Durio kutejensis - Phytophthora palmivora - Mangosteen - Durio grandiflorus - Laplae District - Ester - Tempoyak - Chanthaburi Province - Uttaradit Province - Dodol - Ais kacang - Sun bear - Jackfruit - Jakarta - Kripik - Pahang - Davao City [27] The surface of the pollen includes three colporate apertures, meaning the apertures have a combined colpus (or furrow) and pore. kutejensis). The fruit certainly has a strange or ‘acquired’ taste and the fruit itself looks a little strange when growing on the tree. [26] Ovaries are ovoid to globose (roughly spherical) and possess a yellow capitate (shaped like a pinhead) stigma and white to greenish style[5] about 48 mm (1.9 in). It is native to Southeast Asia. [5], A natural hybrid of D. graveolens and D. zibethinus is called durian siunggong or durian suluk. Durio oxleyanus - Var. However, there are many species for which the fruit has never been collected or properly … Dalit – Durio graveolens. Durio zibethinus is the most common tree species in the genus Durio that are known as durian and have edible fruit also known as durian. We do not use these to store personal information about you.Continuing to use this website means you agree to our use of cookies. People allergic to durian fruit should avoid it. Our goal is to taste them all. [5] Because of its tolerance for wet habitats,[12] it is possibly resistant to infection by the oomycete Phytophthora palmivora. This durian species has hundreds of different cultivars or clones which are commonly called varieties. The taste is described as sweet and cheesy or similar to eating an avocado or pimento cheese. [29] The greenish- to orange-yellow outside is densely covered with long (1 cm (0.39 in)) and thin angular-subulate spines which are straight or slightly curved, and prickly[1][5][11] yet slightly soft. taste is sweet and different, and less fragrant from other durians. [27] The pollen grains are monad, and do not cluster. It is yellow-green when unripe and turns bright yellow to yellow-orange when ripe. Durio oxleyanus - Var. Durio graveolens - Red variety Common name: Tuwola merah. The flavour is also quite unique. The second 1.8kg fruit of Durio macrantha was delivered and consumed tonight without further pictures. Tempoyak is a fermented durian paste made by the addition of salt into overripe durian. Durian fruit has high content of antioxidants, nutrients and bioactive compounds. Durio graveolens - Red variety Common name: Tuwola merah. This fruit tree grows tall and straight to a height of 30 m in the forests. However, their scent is strong and distinctive, like fermented wine. It has antioxidants which prevents free radical effects. ), and Kalimantan is an important distribution center for various types of durian, one of them was Lahung (Durio dulcis). Just better. It is a large tree up to 50 m (160 ft) tall. English Articles. [1] In addition to the scales, long strands of stellate hairs and other trichomes of varying size form a soft tomentose (fuzzy) surface. All rights reserved. The Sultan of Fruits (my photos of red durian) Durio graveolens ... Little diversity in taste but lots of variability in flesh thickness with some trees producing fruits that barely have their seeds covered with flesh while other trees produce fruits that have frequent aborted seeds with very thick flesh. Taste: Delicious and creamy. However, some people may regard it has awful scent like rotten pungent egg smell or cheese smell. It is one of six species of durian named by Italian naturalist Odoardo Beccari. Common name: Mahrawin. [5], It is pollinated by bats. ... Durio oxleyanus Common name: Terotung. [5][12] The trunk is 85–100 cm (33–39 in) in diameter and can have no branches until about 25 m (82 ft) high. Durian pulp contains bioactive compounds such as carotenoids, flavonoids, flavonols and anthocyanins. [1] The leaf stipules are caducous (drop early). Durio lowianus 7. Durio oxleyanus 9. (Durio zibethinus) A tree of durian DURIAN (Durio zibethinus ) a native to Borneo, produce fruits with a unique appearance, taste, flavour and aroma. The species Durio zibethinus L. is known as the common durian. Quite the same Wikipedia. It is known to affect harvested durians, including from Durio graveolens and D. kutejensis. [1] The petiole is very large, 15–18 mm (0.59–0.71 in) long, and tumescent (swollen) from the middle up. Many people have been emailing me about the picture of the red and yellow fleshed durians I posted on our facebook page while we were in the Philippines. They are Durio zibethinus, Durio dulcis, Durio grandiflorus, Durio graveolens, Durio kutejensis, Durio lowianus, Durio macrantha, Durio oxleyanus and Durio testudinarum. I can’t wait to taste them again in Borneo! Durio graveolens. This video is unavailable. In contrast, though creamy as well, the flesh of red and orange durians is thin, and the taste is slightly bland. Durio macrantha 8. It helps to prevent its growth, disrupts structure and prevents dental caries. [9][13] The yellow-fleshed kind is sometimes called durian simpor. [5][1] On the top, they are glabrous (smooth and hairless) and crisp,[5] almost vernicose (varnished). The red and yellow-fleshed fruits are Durio graveolans, more tolerant of S. Florida conditions and taste like peanut butter. Among the best durian (Durio zibethinus) cultivars known in Southeast Asia regarding taste, most have flesh that is white, ivory or all shades of yellow.Another species, lai (Durio kutejensis), which is less popular, has orange flesh.Some other less-known species, e.g. ), and Kalimantan is an important distribution center for various types of durian, one of them was Lahung ( Durio dulcis ). Mahrawin Mahrawin is a Durio oxleyanus variety, it has more tight spines, long and straight and the texture of the meat is drier. There are 2 bulbous or chestnut-shaped seeds per section, each completely enveloped by fleshy aril. These include various species including Durio zibethinus Linn, Durio kutejensis, Durio oxleyanus and Durio graveolens which has proved to be more popular than expected, in part because of the fruits range of colors. [25], D. graveolens is a large tree, sharing many features with D. It helps to inhibit synthesis and activity of pro-inflammatory compounds in the body and lowers overall inflammation. [5] The buttresses reach 3 m (9.8 ft) and extend out 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in). Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] Mahrawin Mahrawin is a Durio oxleyanus variety, it has more tight spines, … [1][11][26] These glossy brown seeds are 2 cm × 4 cm (0.79 in × 1.57 in). [17] In Thailand, it is referred to as thurian rak kha (Thai: ทุเรียนรากขา) or thurian khua tit (ทุเรียนขั้วติด; sources differ on which name refers to this species, with the other being attributed to D. [5] Leaves have 10-12 lateral veins per side (with some smaller ones intermixed), which are tiny and superficial above and more distinct, but still barely visible. Durian’s unique selling point is its aroma and taste.Its smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust.There is even a popular saying that describe durian to: ... Durio Diversity Durio dulcis Durio zibethinus Durio kutejensis 10 Durio graveolens 11. Durio graveolens is an edible durian, perhaps the most popular 'wild' species of durian, and it is sold commercially regionally. 2019 Jun 24 - Durio graveolens is the poster child of the jungle durians. [12][9][5] In Karo it is called meraan. A fruit with a reputation, Durian is a very popular fruit in some cultures, in others people fond it difficult to find the attraction. For example, some popular clones are D24, D99, D158 and D159 (this is the "Mon Thong" variety). 21. [26], D. graveolens is a tropical plant species that needs high heat and humidity. Grafted trees provide the same quality fruit as the source tree. Added in 24 Hours. Which in my opinion is not too bad to stomach. Geotrichum candidum is a fungus which is a member of the human microbiome, notably associated with skin, sputum and feces where it … 21. Recent. [32], After harvest, fruit can be set upon by fungi such as Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Glomerella cingulata, Geotrichum candidum, Calonectria kyotensis, and occasionally Gliocephalotrichum bulbilium. It prevents the chances of clot in arteries and blockage of arteries. Indonesia is one of the eight centers of plant genetic diversity in the world, especially to tropical fruits such as durian ( Durio spp . The bioactive compounds found in durian fruit have anti-inflammatory properties. Not as sweet as typical durian, but still sweet. [10], In Malay, the fruit is called durian burong, durian burung[4] (literally "bird durian"), durian rimba ("jungle durian"),[12] durian kuning[4][16][9] ("yellow durian"),[3] durian merah ("red durian"),[4][13][9][11] or durian otak udang galah[16][9] ("crayfish brain durian"). [16] Secondary or opportunistic fungal infection can be from species such as Aspergillus niger and other Aspergillus spp., Candida spp., Gibberella intricans, and Penicillium spp.[16]. [11] In Brunei its popularity outshines D. zibethinus,[16] which is not cultivated in the country. Durio graveolens: Colors: Orange-yellow: Shapes: Globose to ellipsoid, 10 - 15 cm in diameter: Taste: Buttery, sweet The Durio graveolens, or simply just graveolens, smell has even been described as roasted almonds or burnt caramel fragrance. [13] The red-fleshed type is used with freshwater fish to make a type of sayur (a traditional Indonesian vegetable stew). Durio graveolens, known as durian burung, durian kuning or merah, durian otak udang galah, Tabelak or Red-fleshed durian. Durian (Scientific name; Durio zibethinus Murray, Family: Bombacaceae, Order: Malvales) is a climacteric, native fruit unique to Southeast Asia including Malaysia (Figure 1)(Berry, 1980) The name ‘durian’ is derived from the Malay-Indonesian language, ‘duri’ which means spike or thorn. It is planted in durian orchards and commercially managed. 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Many people actually prefer it to regular durian, and with good reason. It’s after taste has been described as alcoholic. Wild red & orange durians The lesser of the King of Fruits are not as popular with durian lovers due to their lack of flavour and creaminess. Among the best durian (Durio zibethinus) cultivars known in Southeast Asia regarding taste, most have flesh that is white, ivory or all shades of yellow.Another species, lai (Durio kutejensis), which is less popular, has orange flesh.Some other less-known species, e.g. crepe, durian adventure, durian dalit, durian merah, durio graveolens, ian lau, joshua lim, kuali, malaysia, originals, red, sukang Share How does the rare red durian actually taste? However, grafted orchard trees seldom grow over 12 m. [18][19] In Aceh Tamiang Regency, it can be called durian batu ("stone durian"), and elsewhere in Sumatra, it known as durian adjan. The many varieties in the market vary in size, shape, smell, colour, texture and taste. [1] Underneath, the leaves are copper-brown and lepidote (scaly),[5] with large scales of up to 2 mm (0.079 in) in diameter, which are not very noticeable, at least when dry. Skype: healthbenefit55. Durio graveolens, sometimes called the red-fleshed durian,[4] orange-fleshed durian, or yellow durian,[5] is a species of tree in the family Malvaceae. Kata PengantarKATA PENGANTARDengan mengucapkan puji syukur kehadirat Allah SWT, ProsidingSeminar Nasional Hortikultura tahun 2012 telah dapat diselesaikan denganbaik. The trees are tall like Durian Kuning. D. graveolens is an edible durian,[11][12] perhaps the most popular 'wild' species of durian, and it is sold commercially regionally. Fusarium subglutinans is a fungal plant pathogen. Price: $4.00 USD each seed. Taste: Delicious and creamy. It is planted in durian orchards and commercially managed. Languages. [5][4][11][26], D. graveolens is in the core clade Palatadurio of the genus Durio. [31][22] Pollen from both of these durian species has been found in cave nectar bat feces, and possibly in that of the long-tongued fruit bat (Macroglossus sobrinus). Durian Pulu also has the potential for commercial farming. Morphological Characteristics of Batuah Red-Fleshed Durian (Durio graveolens), an Endemic Exotic Plant from East Kalimantan, Indonesia May 2020 Journal of Tropical Horticulture 3(1):12 The flesh is … Taste Depending on variety and maturity, the pale to creamy yellow, golden flesh can taste like onion or garlic with the texture of custard. Buying and Storing Maturity is indicated when the fruit exudes a strong smell. Improved in 24 Hours. [7] The specific epithet graveolens ('strong smelling' or 'rank')[8] is due to the odor. See our policy to learn more about the cookies we use. Sometimes, it is it is fermented into the condiment tempoyak. Durian gets its fame due to its strong distinctive aroma and sweet-bitter creamy taste. [13] However, its congener Durio zibethinus is the typical species eaten and dominates sales worldwide. The presence of high oxidative stress depletes glutathione, a major antioxidant in liver cells. Many red-flesh Durio graveolens taste like wax. [1] It inhabits the upper canopy, growing up to 50 m (160 ft) tall. Watch Queue Queue. [3] The saturated fats include myristic acid (14.49%), arachidic acid (7.08%), pentadecanoic acid (3.61%), heptadecanoic acid (2.2%), decanoic acid (1.62%), and lauric acid (1.31%). British botanist John Wyatt-Smith combined it all under D. dulcis in 1953. Indonesian botanists André Joseph Guillaume Henri Kostermans and Wertit Soegeng-Reksodihardjo separated D. graveolens back to its own species in 1958. [33] Black hornbills are also effective seed dispersers for the tree,[28] and this is referenced in a few of the regional names for the tree (see § Names). Durian trees are relatively large, growing up to 25–50 metres in height, depending on species. For the fruit in general, see, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of September 2020 (, "The nutritional value of indigenous fruits and vegetables in Sarawak", "Komposisi Proksimat dan Komponen Asid Lemak Durian Kuning (Durio graveolens) Sabah", "Occurrence, Distribution and Utilisation of Durian Germplasm", "Varieties Registered For National Crop List", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Durio_graveolens&oldid=989463378, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of September 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Batak Karo-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 03:29. The fatty acids in the fruit are 30% saturated and 70% unsaturated. The species Durio zibethinus L. is known as the common durian. Durian Kuning, or Dalit, is an orange-fleshed Durio graveolens that happens to be one of my very favorite durians in the world. Inflammation has a crucial role in initiation and progression of various diseases. For diabetes mellitus: Around 2-3 durian seeds. [3], The fruit's pulp is typically eaten raw and has the fragrance of roasted almonds[5][4][16] or burnt caramel. Watch Queue Queue It has a unique size and good taste. So this post is dedicated to durio graveolens. The taste of the graveolens has been described as sweet and cheesy and the texture as similar to eating an avocado. High intake of durian fruit causes abdominal discomfort. Taste: Delicious and creamy. Durio graveolens is one of durian species found in East Kalimantan. The fruit hangs from the branches and look a … The fruit is fed on by Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus),[17] Prevost's squirrels (Callosciurus prevostii), crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis), black hornbills (Anthracoceros malayanus), possibly viverrids[28] and sun bears (Helarctos malayanus). It’s small and the exterior is a bright yellow sometimes tinged brown. Lahung had the sweetest taste among others, but their use is still limited. [9] Sometimes, it is it is fermented into the condiment tempoyak. Durio zibethinus is the only species available in the international market: other species are sold in their local regions. 21. Durian Pulu also has the potential for commercial farming. If you get a chance to taste this durian, you’d come to love it as most of my colleagues did. [14] The color of the fruit's flesh denotes other varieties–an orange-fleshed, a red-fleshed one, and yellow-fleshed. The scientific name of other species are Durio kutejensis, Durio oxlevanus, Durio graveolens, and Durio dulcis. Mature fruit has less of an odour and flavour. It helps to prevent its growth, disrupts structure and prevents dental caries. It is a traditional food that has been widely consumed by Mala… There are many clones of the durian, all having a name starting with "D" and a number. Durio zibethinus - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - … Durio oxleyanus - Var. [5] The base is sac-like with three to five connate lobes. A fruit with a reputation, Durian is a very popular fruit in some cultures, in others people fond it difficult to find the attraction. Although it has the unmistakable durian scent, its flavour can be described as closer to a jackfruit with a subtle lychee undertone. Durian itself is kind of a premium fruit even in Southeast Asia, and select varieties (Musang King, D24, etc) command high prices. Durio graveolens, sometimes called the red-fleshed durian, orange-fleshed durian, or yellow durian, is a species of tree in the family Malvaceae. [5] Typically, it is found on clay-rich soils in wet lowland dipterocarp forests, frequently along riverbanks and swamps. The husk of its fruit is orange-yellow, covered with pyramidal 1 cm (0.4 in) long spines. Durio lowianus 7. The trees are tall like Durian Kuning. Moreover, the rind has anti-bacterial compounds preventing the growth of Klebsiella pneumonia which is harmful when spread to other parts of the body besides intestines. Study shows that polysaccharide, a carbohydrate in outer skin combats oral pathogens Streptococcus mutans and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. Although most species of Durio (most notably Durio dulcis) have a strong scent, the red-fleshed type of D. graveolens has a mild scent. It blocks action of certain enzymes which are involved in production and also activity of inflammatory compounds. The presence of quercetin inhibits toxic chemical induced liver damage. Durian Simpur (Durio Graveolens Becc. For example, some popular clones are D24, D99, D158 and D159 (this is the "Mon Thong" variety). Although most species of Durio (most notably Durio dulcis) have a strong scent, the red-fleshed type of D. graveolens has a mild scent. [24], It is occasionally grown outside the tropics. Pollination ecology of three Durio species, D. grandiflorus, D. oblongus, and D. kutejensis (Bombacaceae), was studied in a lowland dipterocarp forest in … [1][5] They are perfectly rounded on both ends, rigid, and slightly coriaceous (leather-like in feel or texture). [26] It is most closely related to Durio kutejensis. [5] In Iban, it is durian isu. [11][16] It can also be found on hillsides and shale ridges up to 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in elevation. zibethinus. [27] As it is one of the only species to naturally hybridize with D. zibethinus,[4][5][30] they are thought to share a pollinator, likely the cave nectar bat (Eonycteris spelaea). [1] The leaf midrib is very prominent on the underside and forms a crease on top. Many people compare it to eating avocado. dugyan - (dug-yan; Palaweño fruit) [n.] red durian (sc.name: Durio graveolens) Unlike the usually cultivated durians of Mindanao, the fruit of dugyan is smaller in size, weighing less than a kilogram with sharper and longer spikes on its thick coat. General information about Durio graveolens (DURGR) THIS WEBSITE USES COOKIES Our website uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best possible online experience. Durio graveolens 5. So you made a cocktail-durian tree with 10 variety's? There are 30 recognised Durio species, at least nine of which produce edible fruit. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. It wins people’s heart and is called ‘king of fruits’ in Malaysia. [12][9] Other regional names include durian dalit[13][9][20] (but this can apply also to Durio oxleyanus[21]) alau, dujen, durian alau, durian daun dungoh, durian hutan[9] ("forest durian"), durian pipit, lai bengang, merang kunyit, pasang, and tongkai. It improves liver structure, regeneration of liver cells and lowers collagen content which causes liver hardening. And in remote areas like the island of Borneo, you can find wild jungle varieties, like a species called durio graveolens, which has firm red flesh that purportedly tastes like cheddar and peanut butter. Medium size fruit with medium flesh ratio. [14], However, D. graveolens does have one registered variety, 'DQ2 nyekak (DK8)'. An addicting smooth, nutty, cheesy side … At 25/kg, this single durian came out to around RM20 ($5). The decrease in collagen content results the structure of liver to become normal and improves liver function. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY Durian trees are large, growing to 25–50 metres (80–164 ft) in height depending on the species. Durian Simpur (Durio Graveolens Becc. taste is sweet and different, and less fragrant from other durians. [3] Unsaturated fats include oleic acid (22.18%), palmitoleic acid (13.55%), linolelaidic acid (12.39%), γ-linolenic acid (12.23%), linoleic acid (4.95%), elaidic acid (2.50%), and myristoleic acid (1.89%). Live Statistics. If you get a chance to taste this durian, you’d come to love it as most of my colleagues did. That ravishingly red interior is so shockingly bright many people question the use of food coloring. I assure you that a lot of people are infatuated with this fruit and not because of marketing or it being an aphrodisiac haha The fruit's pulp is typically eaten raw and has the fragrance of roasted almonds or burnt caramel. [5] Among the Kenyah and Dayak peoples, it is known as durian anggang ("hornbill durian"),[12] durian ajan, pesang,[12] tabela or ta-bela,[12] tabelak,[9][4] taula,[12][9] tuala, tuwala. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. [26] The fruit easily breaks into five fibrous-coriaceous valves (sections)[5][11][28] with 5–6 millimetres (0.20–0.24 in) thick walls. [12], The oblong leaves are 10–26 cm (3.9–10.2 in) long without the petiole (leaf stalk), and 4–10 cm (1.6–3.9 in) wide. Price: $4.00 USD each seed. [11][26][12] It ranges in color from light yellow[1] to orange to lipstick red. https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=500686#null. Terms & conditions Durio kutejensis 6. These varieties may be different species, but currently there is no consensus. [5] The trunk will be smooth or flaky, grey/mauve to ruddy brown with steep buttress roots. The name 'durian' is derived from the Malay-Indonesian languages word for duri or "spike", a reference to the numerous spike protuberances of the fruit, together with the noun-building suffix -an. The outer skin or rind of the fruit has anti-bacterial properties. [6] It is one of six species of durian named by Italian naturalist Odoardo Beccari.

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